2024 Slab Climbing Guide: 5 Moves Pros Swear By

Last Updated on: 23rd January 2024, 01:41 pm

Slab climbing is polarizing among climbers. The majority of folks I climb with hate it. After all, slabs often equal rough falls, bad holds, and lots of run out between clips. Other climbers love it for the technical, balancy style of climbing that slabs require.

Regardless of how you feel, slab climbing isn’t something you can always avoid. Often times amazing routes will start or end with slabs forcing you to give them a go at some point. This can be especially true on multi-pitches where hours of incredible climbing are guarded by long sections of gently sloped slab (like the El Cap Nose).

Whether you love it or hate it, every climber should know the basics of slab climbing. And at the Undercling, we have all the beta you need to slay the slab.

Table of Contents

What is slab climbing?

Slab climbing is a type of climbing that involves ascending angled rock faces that can be smooth and offer very few features or holds. Slab climbs require careful footwork and balance as opposed to brute strength. The angle of the rock surface can vary, but is always less than 90 degrees — that is the magic number that determines what is slab climbing, and what is vertical or overhung.

women slab climbing
Piece of smooth slab rock

Slabs can be found on both sport and trad routes across all different rock types. Depending on the angle, the holds, and for trad climbing the difficulty of placing protection, route difficulty can vary from beginner to incredibly hard.

Why is slab climbing hard?

For starters, it’s not fair to say that slab climbing is hard. Like anything in climbing, it’s objective and some people will find it easier than others. The reason that slab climbing has a rep for being hard can be traced back to a few things.

For starters, it can be heady and offers a bigger mental challenge. Slab climbs are often really run out — meaning that bolts are spaced further apart from each other. Even when the climbing is easy, it can require a stronger head game to keep focus and not get spooked. The other scary thing about slab is that the falls can hurt. Because of its angle, you will hit the rock sooner in case of a fall which can lead to scraped knees and hard impact on your ankles.

Slab Climbing in Oaxaca

As we mentioned, climbing slab make people rely more on their feet than their hands. This can be especially difficult for beginner climbers that will often rely more on their upper body rather than using their legs. Climbers that are better with their feet, balance, and using body tension tend to have an easier time climbing slab, but these are all skills developed over time.

Slab vs overhang

Slabs and overhangs are opposites. A slab is a section of rock in which the bottom part sticks out below the top part; the rock is below 90 degrees. An overhang is a section of rock in which the top part sticks out over the bottom part; the rock is beyond 90 degrees.

Slab, overhang, rock climbing

Slab vs overhang: which is harder?

Whether you find slab or overhang harder is completely dependent on the climber and what style feels most natural to them. However, most climbers will find slab easier because the angle of the rock creates natural friction. Occasionally slab with be really smooth and featureless — in these cases juggy overhangs can make for easier climbs even if they require more strength. The slab vs overhang debate is an old one among climbers, and not one I expect will be resolved anytime soon.

Slab bouldering

Slab isn’t just reserved for sport climbing. In fact, one of the most likely places you’ll encounter slab outdoors is topping out on boulders. The techniques that we outlined above work well both on sport routes and while bouldering slab. If you’re like me, the last couple slab moves of a route can be a bit intimidating since you know you’re close to the top and don’t want to blow your send. Make sure to keep breathing and keep your head in it until you top out!

What is a slab bouldering?

All this refers to is a specific boulder problem that is on slab. Often times gyms will have entire walls dedicated to slab problems for climbers to work their skills on. Outdoors, slab problems generally mean a problem is mainly slab. Often times you’ll find parts of a boulder that involve a little slab climbing (especially top outs) but they are usually only referred to as slab problems when most of the route is slab.

Famous slab climbers

Spoiler alert, there aren’t many. Climbing slab tends to be a necessary evil for climbers — like climbing a section of slab to enjoy a much better part of a route. Not many individuals seek it out, but there are exceptions.

Anna Hazlett, or Anna Hazelnutt as she calls herself on Instagram, has made a name for herself as an expert climbing some of the world’s gnarliest slab routes. She even has a little e-commerce store selling stickers and crop-tops with the slogan she’s coined “Slab is Sexy.” She often shares slab tips on her instagram, so make sure to give it a follow.

climber anna hazlenutt
Photo: Evolv Team Website

Technique for climbing slab: 5 Pro Tips

The name of the game with slab is feet. Most of the time when folks are struggling, it is because they are having a hard time getting their feet into the right position or trusting that the small holds and smears will hold their weight.

slab climbing in red rocks Nevada
Gearing up for a slab start in Red Rocks

Regardless of what your personal slab crux seems to be, try these tips to level up your game. You can also check out our full collection of climbing techniques for more tips.

1. Palm press on slab

Slab is notorious for bad hands, but the angle of the rock can work in your favor. When there aren’t any obviously places to grab you can try a mantle-like technique known as a palm press.

Start by dropping your arm to your side and placing your palm fingers-down on the rock. When you press down, you will create tension that can allow you to shift holds or get a high foot that can push you up to the next move.

2. Maximize your foot surface area

Slab is about friction, and a huge part of the friction equation is surface area. Simply put, the more rubber you have on the rock, the more tension you can draw. The same theory is try for dihedral climbing.

There are limits to the logic — it would be better to have one toe on a really bomber nubbin than to shmear more of your foot on nothing. But if you’re finding yourself struggling for feet, try spreading them out a bit.

3. When slab climbing, put more weight on your feet

Like we said, the key to slab climbing is in the legs. Lots of beginners with over grip rock and try to rely too much on their arms. With climbing in general, your legs are usually doing the majority of the work. After all, your leg muscles are bigger and stronger than your arms so it makes sense to use them more.

If you find yourself struggling with slab, try moving your feet up, shifting your weight onto your high foot, and standing on it. Often times a high foot is what you need to unlock a cruxy move — especially on slab.

4. Keep your body close to the slab

Again this is another tip that’s true for all climbing, but is extra helpful with slab climbing. The further your body is from the wall, the more energy you have to expend holding onto it.

On slab, the gentle angle of the rock is working to your advantage. Because it is sloping in the direction of being a flat line, the more you mimic it, the less energy you have to expend staying on the wall. There’s often sections of slab that are so angled, you can press your chest to the wall and fully let go with your hands to rest.

While at times with slab you may need to push back a bit to see the next feet holds, maintaining close body position for the majority of the climb can go a long way in extending your energy.

slab route at Smith rock in Oregon
Super slab, Smith Rock

5. Matching

Often on slab feet are scarce and sometimes you need to move one foot onto a hold your other foot is occupying. This is referred to as a match. Matching is really common in slab because of the featureless faces you often encounter.

Start by placing the foot you want to match next to the foot that’s on the hold. Slowly twist the foot off while you twist the other on. Often times beginners will do what’s known as bunny hopping — jumping off and quickly putting the other foot down. This increases your chances for falling by removing a point of contact and reducing the chances of a solid foot placement.

Slab climbing wrap-up

The world of slab can be scary, but it doesn’t have to be. With the right tips and techniques you can master slab climbing and be ready for whatever the rock throws at you. Stay safe out there and happy climbing!

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